Rats are harmful organisms for the home and the environment and talked about the first part of the types of rats and today we will complete the rest of the parts of the rats and what they eat and how they multiply and what is the thing that attracts them to your home.
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The weight of domestic rats is about 2/5 to 4/5 ounces, which is equivalent to 11-22 grams. It also has a distinctive brown-gray color with a gray or orange belly. The domestic mice are very similar to the harvesting mice and the white mice.
This type of rat has spread in most parts of Saudi Arabia. It is a species that has a high ability to adapt to the different conditions it faces. domestic type can be found in areas where humans are present, saying that this type of pest is closely related to humans and is therefore called a domestic .
Domestic type attack homes and various facilities and find them spread in urban areas at a large rate, where the pest is found in homes and surrounding areas, farms and businesses, as well as open fields and agricultural land. Sometimes they can be found away from human settlements, often when the climate is mild but with the onset of cold weather they are present in buildings, away from shelter and food.
What is the favorite food to domestic rats and the food that attracts them?
domestic type often eat many types of food at home especially seeds and grains as they do not hesitate to eat good foods. Fatty foods, proteins and sugars are their favorite foods, even if grains and seeds are available. They also include pork, chocolate candy, butter and fresh bread.
Unlike Norwegian type , domestic mice are able to survive with a small amount of water and yet accept to take water if available. This pest gets the water you need from the food they eat. Absence of water and food with inappropriate environmental conditions are factors that affect their reproductive potential.
Reproduction of domestic rats and their general behavior:
domestic rats are essentially night-time pests that are not active just at night, but sometimes the domestic type can be found in some areas of the day. Seeing domestic mice during daylight hours does not necessarily mean a large population, although this usually applies On mice.
Usually, mice suffer from impaired vision and are often dependent on other senses such as hearing, smell, taste and touch. The mice are also color blind. Therefore, the poisonous grafts of mice can be dyed in color without adding any substance that makes the mice avoid these baits. The absence of smell or taste of these baits makes mice avoid them and refuse to eat them.
Female domestic rats develop between 5 and 6 groups of young adults. This often occurs after 21 days after mating, but some females continue their pregnancy for a little longer. Small, hairless mice are born with closed eyes but grow rapidly after at least two weeks and are completely covered with hair with eyes and ears open.
These young domestic rats start small trips from nest to food sources and can eat solid food after at least three weeks. Rats mature sexually after at least 6 to 10 weeks.
Females may breed domestic rats all year round, but if forced to live outdoors they often breed during the spring and fall seasons. Females may develop between 5 and 6 groups of young people per year, so the pest can multiply rapidly if appropriate environmental conditions are available.
The reason for having domestic rats at home:
domestic rats are forced to break into houses or structures and sometimes agricultural fields if they do not find a suitable shelter. Therefore, all they are concerned about is finding a safe place to build a nest. Their nest is made of fibrous materials such as paper or grass and other materials. From 4 to 6 inches (10.2 to 15.2 cm).
domestic rats have many physical abilities that enable them to enter different buildings and structures. This happens through their ability to dig, climb, jump and swim. Scientific studies also indicate that the mouse usually travels to an area of 10 to 30 feet (3 to 9 meters) to carry out its daily activities and to obtain water and food.
But mice can not travel further. Because of their food behavior and limited movement it is difficult to control this type of control or get rid of it.
They are able to explore and identify their environment and they are able to save the sites and pathways as well as the existing obstacles, places of food, water, shelter and other items they need. In addition, the pest can explore the new objects in their environment, but unlike other type There is no need to fear household rats. They enter places of food storage and consume what they want. Scientific studies indicate that mice consume a certain type of food based on the flavor of the food and its physiological effect, so sometimes mice may refuse to taste a particular food.
Norwegian rats are called brown mice, domestic mice, tailing mice, moles, gray mice, and pavement mice. They are also a slightly larger animal than these moles, with some obvious differences between them.
It has prominent nose, small ears and a tail filled with crusts, almost naked and shorter than the head and body together. The Norwegian rats and the ceiling mice can be distinguished by tail length as the ceiling mice reach the length of the tail to the nose while the Norwegian rats do not reach beyond the ears.
Senior Norwegian type weigh up to about one pound, and the upper part is predominantly brown or reddish-brown while the abdomen is white and sometimes gray. In some areas black-colored Norwegian mice have been found but this rarely occurs.
Where can I find Norwegian rats?
Norwegian rats are closely related to humans, so this lesion can often be found in places where people are present. These rats try to build their nest under various buildings and structures, also under concrete slabs, around ponds, in garbage containers, in places where proper food, water and shelter are available.
When Norwegian rats attack farms you can find them in pens, grain stores, cattle buildings, silos and others. In urban areas, there is more presence in housing and surrounding areas, inside basements, warehouses, sidewalks and sewage. Although it is able to climb walls, it is preferred to be on the lower floors of buildings or multi-stores buildings.
What do Norwegian rats eat?
Norwegian rats are able to eat any type of food. In addition, they choose a healthy and balanced diet, where they eat healthy new foods and do not eat contaminated foods. The type deal with food grains, meat, fish, nuts and some fruit types. As for water, it is derived from a large amount of wet foods, but in the case of eating dry foods, it requires a large amount of water.
Reproduction of Norwegian rats:
Norwegian rats are night organisms active at night, especially at dusk, in search of food and water, but this pest can be found active during the day, when the number is very large or when the source of their food threatened or about to enter. The regions of most mice are often within 50 to 150 feet of the nest.
However, in the absence of food and water, this pest can feed up to 300 feet or more per day for food and water.
Norwegian rats suffer from poor vision and are often dependent on other senses such as chewing, touching and smell. In addition, this type of rat is very sensitive to movement for a distance of 30 to 50 feet away. Norwegian rats also have color blindness so they can not distinguish foods by their color. Instead, they are used to identify the nutrient.
In addition, it relies on smell to identify the tracks that you take on a daily basis to move from place to place and distinguish members of the opposite sex who are ready to marry and can distinguish between the members of their colonies and strangers and whether this strange strong or weak and all this through the sense Smell them.
Thus, Norwegian rats can use their senses to adapt to the environment in which they are present. These senses, especially the sense of taste, can hinder the idea of elimination. They have a wonderful taste to help detect some of the contaminants in their food. This sensitivity to taste can develop. And refuses to eat certain types of grafts, especially if those baits are contaminated with spray of pesticides or other chemicals.
Norwegian rats develop between 6 and 12 groups of young children. After a pregnancy of at least 23 days, young Norwegian rats are naked and have closed eyes but grow rapidly and eat appropriate foods after at least three weeks. In the fourth week, Completely mature in terms of nationality and be able to marry and commuter only three months.
Getting rid of Norwegian rats needs more effective methods. These methods may include the use of traps, and sometimes you need to consult an expert to address the problem.
The source: Orkidapest
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