Mice are rodent animals whose fur covers about 9 cm in length. They live in the surrounding environment and feed on meat, leaves, and wood.
The presence of mice in the human environment has many economic damages and also transmits a range of diseases to him; In addition to the transmission of some parasites, such as tapeworms, ticks, etc., their presence in homes should be controlled and eliminated as soon as possible.
Reasons for the presence of mice in the house:
The presence of waste and garbage in the house, and not to get rid of them first.
Frequent cracks and holes in windows, floors, walls, or ceilings. Poor sanitation, which leads to the accumulation of waste, and then attract mice.
Some residential areas lack health conditions.
The risk of mice in the house:
Mice are characterized by their rapid ability to reproduce; the presence of a pair of mice male and female sponsor to multiply eight times per year, and not to eliminate them will increase the number of mice born to two thousand mice within a year and this will be very difficult to eliminate.
The mouse causes severe economic damage to humans.It damages agricultural crops, stored foodstuffs, and spoils luxurious clothing, furniture, and the appearance of the house,It creates many holes and cracks in its corners, and fires can cause electric wires and may cause electrical contact. Mice urine and feces affect nutrients, causing chemical and organic contamination.
Raising a cat at home is one of the ways you can use to get rid of mice,as catching mice is a favorite cats’ hobby.
Put a sticker such as glue on a piece of cardboard, and put a piece of food preferred by the mouse to attract, such as: a piece of cheese, or meat luncheon, so you can get rid of it. Cucumbers and crusts are toxic to rats, it is advisable to cut them into slices, or use crusts and distribute them in areas where mice are used. Washing hands or wearing gloves should be considered when placing cucumbers, because mice have the ability to recognize the smell of human hands. Use of zinc phosphide, which is toxic to rats and humans, so care must be taken when using them, and wash hands thoroughly with soap and water when in contact with them, and make sure to keep them out of the reach of children.
Mice live in most of the topography of mountains and low plains, or amidst forests, grassy plains, marshes, fields and beside rivers and even in the desert, but the most common type of house mouse prefers to live near humans, in stores and troughs, holes, tunnels, sewers . Rats feed mainly on plants from grains, fruits and vegetables, so they are often responsible for damaging crops.
In addition, mice eat up anything like wood, paper, plant roots, clothing, skin, etc., and even eat the bodies of other mice. If they don’t find what they eat, they may bite off their tails. Reproduction reaches the mouse and becomes able to mate 50 days after birth, and sometimes in less time in females.
Females can give birth every twenty days, or every month, and the duration of pregnancy from eighteen to twenty-one days, each time put four to seven mice , Which makes them reproduce quickly and in large numbers. The young people are closed eyes, and the child’s body is free of fur, where it begins to appear after ten days of birth, and its eyes open after about two weeks
the mouse does not distinguish colors, but distinguish gradation between black and white. The average age of mice is three years, but it is rare for a mouse to reach this age as a result of the many enemies lurking in it, such as snakes, vultures, hawks, cats, dogs, foxes, and even the human being is always trying to eradicate it. Mice-borne diseases damage agricultural crops. Mice eat newly grown plants, most famously rice.
Grain stocks are damaged, and mice attack grain stores to eat them, contaminate them, bacteria and microbes, and become unfit for human use.
Economic loss in homes as a result of damage caused by rats in home furniture, furnishings, and clothing, which lends everything that is made of wood or cloth. The many diseases that are transmitted by diseases including food poisoning, typhoid, cholera, amoebic dysentery, cloud inflammation, tapeworm, in addition to the plague, which killed many early in its appearance. Control mice general hygiene.
Dispose of waste properly and discard it in designated areas. Fences and walls are constructed around houses, preferably at a depth of up to half a meter, so as not to allow rats to make tunnels under them. Proper storage of grain in storage containers to prevent destruction and spread of diseases transmitted by mice, and the deployment of pesticides and traps in the storage of grain.
Use of a mousetrap:
A random distribution of a range of mousetraps that can be obtained from the market throughout the home to catch as many mice as possible. Put a little peanut butter and worn clothes and tear them into small pieces, and put the peanuts over the clothes and work to tie the trap to the clothes from the side of the trap trigger.
Use the trap and distribute it at the entrances to the house; start with the garage, then the kitchen and bathroom, and look for the areas most exposed to mice. Use the cans to make sure that the mice are caught, and if you catch one, closeit and remove it.
You can get through this with a cat, and it will relieve you of the mice in a very short time. It is worth noting that the mice are very smart, so if you want to get rid of them, give them confidence when using the traps; serve food for several days before you trap them. Using a cartoon rat trap Make a small hole in a small box that allows the mouse to enter it. Distribute a few pills at the end of the box. Tie a long rope to the end of the box, and tie it to the oven. Use another box in the middle of the road to balance. Be patient until the mouse comes to eat, then the box will come down on the mouse. Tighten the rope until the box is above the second box. Using water as a trap Place the waste bucket empty, preferably with two handles. Put water in it until it is full for a quarter. Bring a used bottle, and make a hole in the bottom of it. Bring a thin rope on the bucket width. Place about five chains inside the bottle, then tie it to the bucket handles. Place a grain of peanuts on top of the bottle that will bring the mouse to enter the trap. Let it sit for a whole night, until it sinks into the bucket, then shake it.
Mice multiply by birth, and mice can mate when the male and female, the age of fifty days, and there are females require mating at the age of (25-40) days, and mating between mice is called convergence, mice multiply throughout the year, where the female enters in a condition called A state of integrity for a period of (4-5) days, during this period is ready to travel only during the evening hours.
Mice generally feed on grains, plants and various fruit types, making rats the biggest cause of destruction and damage to many agricultural crops, so farmers find it struggling by various means, and mice may eat the bodies of other mice dead, in addition, if the mice found nothing to feed So they nibble part of their tail. Types of mice There are (38) types of mice scattered around the world, we will mention the most prominent of which are as follows: Sewer rat: A large-sized mice, a strong structure, with an average weight of more than (300) grams, and a long tail, which is very hostile and cunning.
A Norwegian rat: characterized by its full body and very short tail (shorter than its body) with short ears and flat nose, characterized by a grayish brown color, inhabited in garbage and sewage, and often spread and is found in rice crops, is one of the most powerful and rats in terms of Physical structure.
Climbing rat: characterized by its medium size and multiple colors, where there is a slate, gray and brown, and is characterized by speed, and his ears are large thin, and has a cylindrical nose, and tail with a uniform color.
Nile mouse: characterized by full size and short tail, and dark green color, and its authority on agricultural crops. Domestic: characterized by his cylindrical body and ears and eyes prominent, and is small in size, and has a short tail, and most of the colors are very light, including the white mouse and pink tail, which is liked by the Americans, and favor breeding. There are other types such as:
Egyptian spinal, golden spinal, fat sand, as well as lean mouse, and experimental mouse and other Mice-borne diseases damage agricultural crops.
Mice eat newly grown plants, most famously rice. Grain stocks are damaged, and mice attack grain stores to eat them, contaminate them, bacteria and microbes, and become unfit for human use. Economic loss in homes as a result of damage caused by rats in home furniture, furnishings, and clothing, which lends everything that is made of wood or cloth. The many diseases that are transmitted by mice including food poisoning, typhoid, cholera, amoebic dysentery, cloud inflammation, tapeworm, in addition to the plague, which killed many early in its appearance.
Control general hygiene. Dispose of waste properly and discard it in designated areas. Fences and walls are constructed around houses, preferably at a depth of up to half a meter, so as not to allow rats to make tunnels under them.
Proper storage of grain in storage containers to prevent destruction and spread of diseases transmitted by mice, and the deployment of pesticides and traps in the storage of grain to prevent the cause of the presence of rats in our houses
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